Domain Name Registration

In order for you to establish your presence on the Internet, you will need a domain name. Learn all about domain names, and how you can register a domain name.

A Domain Name can be explained simply as a “nickname” for your Internet address. The Domain Name System or DNS is the system used for assigning these addresses to Internet hosts or web servers. The DNS also has a set of rules and procedures which form the domain name.

Domain name registrars are responsible for delegating the right to use domain names. The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, or ICANN, accredits the domain names registered.

Domain Name Syntax

To understand domain name registration, the levels of domain names must first be understood.

A Top-Level Domain (TLD) or parent domain is the highest level in a domain name. It is always found at the rightmost side of the domain name. A Country Code Top-Level Domain (ccTLD) is a two-character territory code which is based on ISO-3166 country abbreviations. Examples of this are .uk, .au, and .ph. A Generic Top-Level Domain (gTLD) represents categories or organizations. Examples of gTLDs are .gov, .edu and .com.

The Mid-Level or Second-Level Domain (SLD) is the name directly left of the TLD in a domain name.

The Third-Level Domain is the name to the left of the SLD. Virtually, the levels of the domain under the Top-Level Domain are limitless.

These levels forming a domain name are then registered to domain name registrars or registries. Once a person decides to register a domain name to a registrar, the registrar is then known as the designated registrar for that domain. These registrars normally charge an annual fee which is considered a “sale” or a “lease” of the domain name. Those who register domain names are also known as “registrants” or “domain holders” and sometimes “owners”.

How to Register a Domain Name

These steps can be followed when registering a domain name.

  1. Look for a registrar which offers domain name registration services.
  2. Make sure that the domain name you chose is available by searching for it on the registrar’s search function.
  3. If the domain name you chose is not available, it will ask you to choose another one or to choose from a list of available alternative domain names. You may proceed to look for available domain names or you can select from the list of suggested domain names.
  4. You can then set up your account control panel. This will require a username and password.
  5. Select the number of years you want your domain name to be registered.
  6. Once you continue, it will display your contact information. Enter necessary information in the Technical, Administrative and Billing contacts if you have different information for each.
  7. You will then enter the DNS where you will have the choice of:
    1. Hosting the website with the registrar (If you choose not to, you can still order web hosting later on).
    2. Using a one-page web site with templates.
    3. Putting the domain name up for sale.
    4. Forwarding the domain name to another website.
    5. Forwarding and masking the domain name to another website.
    6. Parking your domain name.
    7. Setting up your domain name to point to your website (if you’re hosting with another ISP).
    8. Confirm all the information.
    9. Make your payment through the available means.
    10. Print a receipt.